Tuesday, June 20, 2017

William Richardson Davie

Map Of Kings Mountain Battle Showing Catawba River

Rev. William Richardson was a Presbyterian clergyman, who, in the year 1763, resided in the Waxhaw settlement, on the Catawba River, in the present State of South Carolina. He married a lady named Davie, the sister of Archibald Davie, who came from the village of Egremont, near Whitehaven, a seaport on the Irish Sea, in the county of Cumberland, England.


 Mr. Richardson had no children of his own, and therefore adopted his wife's brother's son, named for himself, William Richardson Davie, who thus became heir to his large estate. He was born at said Egremont, June 20, 1756.

Young Davie was a regular and successful student at Nassau Hall College, Princeton, N. J., where he graduated with honor in the autumn of 1776. Having chosen the profession of law, he began his legal studies in Salisbury, N. C. But in December, 1777, he left his books for a while to engage in the military service of his country. Commissioned as lieutenant of dragoons, he soon rose to the rank of major, and was in Pulaski's legion. He was in the army of Lincoln, engaged in the defence of Charleston; was in the battle of Stono Ferry, near that city, June 20, 1779, where he was badly wounded, and in several other severe actions. He was hastening to join the army of Gates, when that army received a total defeat at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. While the American forces were mostly driven from the field, Davie, now a colonel, continued to harass the enemy to the utmost, and not without success. [Source]

Thursday, June 15, 2017

The Exasperation Of The French

The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell:

"To the exasperation of the French, the British were drawing off more and more of the fur trade. Virginia and Pennsylvania traders penetrated almost to the French life-line and set up a post at Pickawillany, now called Piqua, Ohio, on the Miami river.... ."

Near The Miami River In Ohio

"This forced La Jonquiere to show his hand."

"He ordered one of his most trusted French officers with the Indians, Charles Langlade, to bring a force of loyal Ottawas and Chippewas all the way down from Michilimackinac, through Fort Detroit, to attack the defecting Miamis."

Fort Mackinac

"This they triumphantly did, killing their chief, called variously "Old Briton" and La Demoiselle"... That was in June 1752.  Although none of the British traders had been harmed, the incident alarmed [Virginia Governor] Dinwiddie."

Monday, June 12, 2017

Near Nashville

FLOWERING of the CUMBERLAND by Harriette Simpson Arnow:

"....[Mr. Buchanan]...had been born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, but his father, John, Sr., like so many Pennsylvania borderers, had migrated to North Carolina, settling in the neighborhood of Guilford Courthouse, now surrounded by the town of Greensboro."

Guilford Courthouse Battlefield

"In any case, late 1779 found the younger Buchanans building a station on the southern side of the Cumberland River, above the French Lick, on the high ground ‘in the upper part’ of what is now Nashville. On the other side of the Lick Branch, another station was soon being built, that of George Freeland, while north of the river about twelve miles away, near present day Goodlettsville, there was a finished station. This belonged to Kaspar Mansker who had by 1779 been hunting over the region for more than a dozen years."

Mansker's Station Plaque

"Early summer of 1780 found several hundred people and more than a dozen stations in what was to be Middle Tennessee. The future looked bright; most, though not the Buchanans, had agreed to buy land from Richard Henderson’s company, and so had signed the Cumberland Compact which also provided for government."

"Then the Indians—Chickasaw, Cherokee, Chickamauga, and Creek—struck. The Cumberland settlements had by the winter of 1781 dwindled to three small stations—French Lick where the Buchanans had built, Freelands, and that of Amos Eaton on the northern side of the Cumberland, opposite the mouth of the Lick Branch or the Old French Landing. Many families such as the Donelsons and their in-laws fled to the comparative safety of Kentucky; others returned to North Carolina, and of the 131 first settlers who stayed, 63 were by the spring of 1784 dead."

Friday, June 9, 2017

The Gaspee's Mission

Narragansett Bay

From the book, When we destroyed the Gaspee: a story of Narragansett Bay in 1772:

"This vessel [Gaspee] of the king's was, in the beginning of March, sent to Narragansett Bay by the commissioners of customs at Boston, to prevent the people from breaking the revenue laws, and to put an end to what those gentlemen of Massachusetts were pleased to say was an illicit trade carried on between Newport and Providence."

Also see Detour June 9, 2013