Showing posts with label French-Indian War. Show all posts
Showing posts with label French-Indian War. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

General Orders of 1757

General Orders of 1757: issued by the Earl of Loudoun and Phineas Lyman In The Campaign Against The French, published in 1899.  Lyman served under the Earl of Loudoun.


A sample of Lyman's General Orders:

Friday, October 18, 2013

Claiming The Land For France

From The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell:

Everywhere he (Bienville) went he nailed up or buried lead plaques claiming the land for France....

Additional information in the post, Detroit In The French-Indian War Prelude.  Also see Governor Dinwiddie's French Fears And George Washington's Help.  See the Strength of New France here.  Some Objectives of the French-Indian War.

Friday, September 13, 2013

Quebec's Wolfe's Cove

Text below is from The Plains of Abraham:

"Landslides over the two hundred years since have changed the configuration of the cliffs at what is now known as Wolfe's Cove and even obscured the exact point up which the British force climbed."


"They were about a hundred yards of the Quebec side of Vergor's tents. The ever-resourceful Captain McDonald misled the first sentry they found by telling him that he had been sent with a large force to take over the post and to call off the guard. The tented encampment was rushed. The picket, after a scattered volley from those awake, fled into a cornfield towards town. Vergor, who had momentarily stood his ground, was shot in the heel and captured. Not a man of the "forlorn hope" was hurt."

Wednesday, August 14, 2013

The Strength Of New France

From The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell, a book about the French-Indian War:

"Strategically, French America occupied a position of almost impregnable strength."
"New France was more than Canada. It stretched more than three thousand miles from the mouth of the St. Lawrence to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi."

Source Of An Early Map Ca. 1664 (McGill University)- Virginia And Florida Were Included

My In Deeds blog included another early map in a post entitled McGill University's Map Collection Online, remembering that Michigan was once part of Canada.

Saturday, July 20, 2013

A Pontiac Drama And Nain Rouge

Pontiac: A Drama of Old Detroit, 1763,  By Alfred Carpenter Whitney:

Lines from the play:

Chap. — Last night As Reaume and Gouin passed the fort, behold, Leering and evil on the battlements, And eyeing them, the terrible Nain Rouge. The blood froze in their veins; and, rooted fast, They could not choose but watch; While the malignant and the grinning wretch With fiendish laughter mocked their terror, till With one last horrid threat he bounded off; And they, all trembling and exhausted, scarce Could stagger home.

Nain Rouge is a local legend.

Lots of politically incorrect dialogue; it was written in 1909.

Wednesday, May 15, 2013

James Harrod Of Harrodstown

From The Kentuckians:

"I reckon you've heared George Rogers Clark is at Harrodstown.  ...I knowed him in Bouquet's campaign, Ben said.  He's a right good man.  Good soldier...but I'd say he's a mite ambitious."

"Him (Jim Harrod) and his brother had hunted over in the Illinois country for a time, out of Kaskaskia, and had roamed free amongst the Illinois Indians.  They'd trapped and hunted and shipped their furs down the river to the French, on account of the British not allowing any hunting and trapping west of the mountains."

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Messages In Kaskaskia

Excerpts from A SWORD OF THE OLD FRONTIER  - A TALE OF FORT CHARTRES AND DETROIT, Being a Plain Account of Sundry Adventures befalling Chevalier Raoul de Coubeit, one time Captain in the Hussars of Langucdoc, during the year 1763:


It was a queer old town, that Kaskaskia, even then seventy years established, a typical French village of 
the far frontier. [Where the dialogue below took place]

If, as you say, you sought service in these parts, how happened it you were not with us at Fort Du Quesne, and the Great Meadows? That was a time, surely, when we had use for every French sword.

I was under orders on the great river below, and heard naught of the expedition until too late to overtake you. I voyaged as far as Fort Massac at the head of twenty men; but you had already passed up the Ohio.

...there is a messenger here... . God knows how he ever got through Pontiac's scouting parties, for they had my orders to halt all such, yet here he is, bearing impudent orders from the English commandant at Detroit, one Gladwyn, that as leader of the French in this valley I disavow Pontiac, and use every endeavor to aid in his defeat.

Thursday, September 13, 2012

September 13TH - The French-Indian War

From The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell:

According to the field state on the morning of September 13th, Wolfe had with him, when all the men had reached the top of the cliff, 4,828 combatants of all ranks.

Wolfe relied on one factor to tip the balance of the day--his men were all regulars, including the two battalions of the Royal Americans, who had been drilled up to his exacting standards. For the first time in the course of the war in North America they were in a position to fight on their own terms--in the open field, where their superb, mechanical discipline and massed fire power would tell to the utmost.

A detachment of light infantry occupied Borgia's farm and the remainder was sent to form a screen at a wood in the rear of the position. The third battalion of Royal Americans was left to guard the landing-place, where, below on the beach, Holmes' sailors were feverishly engaged in the slow business of manhandling guns on to the shore and up the narrow cliff path.

Wolfe's first line consisted of 3,111 men. The amount of ground they had to cover only permitted them to be drawn up two deep, the files a yard apart, with forty yards or more between the battalions, surely the thinnest "red line" in the history of the British army.

Thursday, June 21, 2012

The First Battle of the French And Indian War?

From their position in Detroit, French and Indians swooped down to the English settlement at Pickawillany (in present day Ohio).

Timeline of the French-Indian War, including this excerpt:

1752 June 21  -  English settlement at Pickawillany is destroyed by French
French and Indians from Detroit take Pickawillany – the most important English trading post in the area – by surprise.  The Pickawillany site – the earliest known permanent settlement in Ohio [near the present-day town of Piqua, Ohio] – was destroyed during the attack and never occupied again.

The destruction of Pickawillany has been called the first battle of the French and Indian War – the war that finally ended France's dream of vast colonial empire in the New World.

From The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell:

...killing their chief, called variously "Old Briton" and La Demoiselle"... that was in June 1752.  Although none of the British traders had been harmed, the incident alarmed (Virginia Governor) Dinwiddie.

Additional information from The Plains of Aamjiwnaang's blog and also in Frontier Partisans.

Friday, June 15, 2012

Phineas Lyman And His Connecticut Soldiers

The Plains of Abraham was an account of the French-Indian War, a war in which Phineas Lyman participated.

Phineas Lyman's activities during the war:

[Also see a blog about General Orders of 1757: issued by the Earl of Loudoun and Phineas Lyman In The Campaign Against The French... .]

Rolls of Connecticut men in the French and Indian War 1755 - 1762, Volume 2....:

Another blogger's post about Connecticut in the French-Indian War.  And yet another site focused on scalping during the war.

Thursday, June 7, 2012

On The Plains Of Abraham

The Plains of Abraham by Brian Connell, described where that epic battle was fought:

The battle of the Plains of Abraham commenced in "the area in between (Buttes a Neveu ridge and Quebec), mostly green pasture with a few cornfields, studded here and there with clumps of bushes derived its name from Abraham Martin, a pilot who had owned part of the land in the early years of the colony, and was called the Plains of Abraham."

Photographs on Google here.

Friday, May 18, 2012

If You Want More About The French-Indian War

The Carnegie Library in Pittsburgh's bibliography for the French-Indian War (excerpted below):

Smolinski, Diane
Soldiers of the French and Indian War
PENNA q E199.S665 2003x
Outposts of the war for empire
Stotz, Charles Morse
Outposts of the war for empire: the French and English in Western Pennsylvania: their armies, their forts, their people, 1749-1764
Pittsburgh: Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania: Distributed by University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985.
(r)qF152.S86 1985x
Stotz, Charles Morse.
Point of Empire: Conflict at the Forks of the Ohio
Pittsburgh, Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, 1970.
rF159.P6 S82
Van Every, Dale.
Forth to the Wilderness: the first American frontier, 1754-1774
New York: Quill/Morrow, [1987], c1961.
E195.V3 1987

Monday, April 30, 2012

Territorial Disputes Before The French-Indian War

From The Plains of Abraham, a book by Brian Connell, about the French-Indian War:

..The British fell back on the Treaty of Utrecht, which had ended Marlborough's wars, and declared that the whole territory occupied by the Iroquois Indians* belonged to the British Crown.  *Also called the People of the Long House

The result [of the territorial dispute] was deadlock.

Thursday, February 9, 2012

A Book About The French And Indian War For Kids

The hunters of the hills: a story of the French and Indian war by Joseph Alexander Altsheler (1862-1919), was published in 1916.  Mr. Altsheler wrote several other volumes of juvenile historical fiction on various subjects.

Friday, October 14, 2011

Governor Dinwiddie's French Fears And George Washington's Help

In The Plains of Abraham (about the French-Indian War and events surrounding said war) Virginia Governor Dinwiddie expressed concerns about the French encroachment.

... Dinwiddie had been deluging London with alarmed reports of the French movements, begging for instructions. The dilatory home government had not even deigned to reply. Right through the spring and scorching summer of 1753, the faithful Lieutenant-Governor sat waiting for some directive, while news came in from the Ohio wilderness of demonstrations by armed and organised French bands in areas long considered the preserve of the middle British colonies. The crisis involving the whole future and structure of North America, as we know it today, was at hand.

On June 16th Dinwiddie wrote to London, pleading the necessity of building forts in the Ohio Valley to check the French:... (Dinwiddie wrote) I hope there is no great army of French among the lakes. His fears were more than justified.

In the whole of Virginia there was not a single man on whom Dinwiddie could call who had been trained as a regular officer. He needed someone of authority and standing to carry the ultimatum to the French. Someone, moreover, who was familiar with the border country and inured to wilderness travel, with a more responsible background than the rough frontiersmen. The requirement soon became the common talk of the Virginia Burgesses, and Dinwiddie's dilemma was solved by a volunteer. His name was George Washington and he was twenty-one years of age.

From The Official Records Of Robert Dinwiddie:

Sunday, October 9, 2011

The "Dour Scot," Robert Dinwiddie

From The Plains of Abraham, a book about the French-Indian War:

...the Lieutenant-Governor [of Virginia], Robert Dinwiddie, took a jaundiced view of these high-spirited, free-spending colonials. A dour, broad-bottomed Scot, with short grey hair like wire and steady, blue-grey eyes, Dinwiddie was a professional civil servant. For most of his life he had been a Customs surveyor in Virginia and the British West Indies, and now, at the age of sixty, brought his fierce integrity to the upholding of the royal prerogative against an elected assembly whose increasing pleasure it was to bait him.  As devoted and effective a British administrator ever to function in the American colonies, he (Dinwiddie) had become alarmed at the encroachments of the French in the huge no-man's-land of the Ohio Valley beyond the mountains.  

From "The Official Records of Robert Dinwiddie...":

Dinwiddie died in Clifton, Bristol, England.

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Luke Gridley's Diary - French And Indian War

Luke Gridley's diary:

THE year 1757 was the nadir of the English cause during the Seven Years' War in America. Not only had it thus far distinctly the worse, — having lost the control of the West at Fort Duquesne in 1755, and that of Lake Ontario at Oswego in 1756, and gained only a desert frontier on the east by depopulating one of its own provinces,—but the disasters had seemingly taught the government nothing. They had not even loosed the hold of political "pulls" and jobbery which was the curse of all the administrative services. For two years a set of very unfit commanders, appointed by court or family influence, with the King's son Cumberland as military dictator, played ducks and drakes with the English chances of gaining the chief heritage of the Western Hemisphere; and they would have lost it altogether but for the provincials whom they despised, belittled, and defamed — largely for their own repute and promotions, and to the fatal misleading of English judgment as to an easy suppression of provincial revolt a few years later. 

 From the war's "big picture" (above) to the sometimes mundane found in the day to day activities:

Thursday, September 8, 2011

Fort Prince George In The Story of Old Fort Loudon

From Story of Old Fort Loudon by Mary Noailles Murfree:

"Here's something from Fort Prince George," said Demere, from where he sat at the rude table with the papers scattered before him. "A goodly packet," he continued, as he broke the seal, in the expectant, pleased silence of the others. "Ensign Milne is writing--both the official communication and a long personal letter," noting the signature.

At the first glance along the lines his face fell.

"Captain Coytmore* is dead," he said in a low voice.
Murdered by the Indians he had been, in front of the fort, in the presence of the officers of his own command!

Note: It's really more about Fort Prince George and an incident involving Capt. Coytmore encountered while doing some Cameron (surname) research.

From The Cherokee:

*  The imprisonment of their ambassadors, which included the head man of almost every important Cherokee town, roused bitterness and resentment throughout the Nation. Feeling was intensified when Lieut. Richard Coytmore, Commander of Fort Prince George, with another British officer, crossed the river to the town of Keowee, forced their way into a Cherokee house and grossly abused some Cherokee women whose men were away hunting.