His public career began when he was 19 years old when he was sent by the Cherokee agent on a mission to the western Cherokees then occupying territory now included in the boundaries of the state of Arkansas. See John Ross and the Cherokee Indians.
The political issues in the Cherokee Nation are not so much principles as persons. John Ross was chief for a total period of 40 years, before and after crossing the Mississippi river... His administration was imperial and autocratic rather than republican or representative.
From Indians : the five civilized tribes in Indian territory: the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole nations.
See the John Ross House in northern Georgia here.